Physical therapy is often one of the best choices you can make when you have long-term pain (also called chronic pain) or an injury. It can make you stronger and help you move and feel better.Ask your doctor to recommend a physical therapist. You’ll probably need a series of visits, and you should practice some of the exercises at home for the best results.
Stroke/Paralysis In India more than 400,000 people suffer a stroke each year, and approximately two-thirds of these individuals survive and require rehabilitation. The goals of rehabilitation are to help survivors become as independent as possible and to attain the best possible quality of life. Even though rehabilitation does not “cure” the effects of stroke in that it does not reverse brain damage, rehabilitation can substantially help people achieve the best possible long-term outcome. Rehabilitation helps stroke survivors relearn skills that are lost when part of the brain is damaged. For example, these skills can include coordinating leg movements in order to walk or carrying out the steps involved in any complex activity.
The most important consideration in looking for a pain management specialist is to find someone who has the training and experience to help you with your particular pain problem and with whom you feel a comfortable rapport. Since many types of chronic pain may require a complex treatment plan as well as specialized interventional techniques, pain specialists today must have more training than in the past, and you should learn about how your pain physician was trained and whether he or she has board certification in pain The widely accepted standard for pain management education today is a fellowship (additional training beyond residency which occurs after graduating from medical school) in pain management. Most fellowship programs are associated with anesthesiology residency training programs.
A Physiotherapist will focus on various physical exercises to improve weakness in the arms and legs, improve their walking and balance and to reduce muscle tightness. They might use physical modalities to reduce pain and inflammation, muscle and tendon tightness and prevent muscle atrophy. They can also fit you with an orthosis to reduce muscle tightness as well as improve your walking and arm function.A Neuropsychologist evaluates patients with depression and anxiety, that is commonly seen after any major life-changing illness or injury and guides them through the process of rehabilitation thereby improving their quality of life through motivation and counseling. Performing an in-depth cognitive assessment and planning cognitive re-training exercises and compensatory strategies is also a major treatment aspect of a Neuropsychologist.
Sports Physiotherapy is the specialised branch of physiotherapy which deals with injuries and issues related to sports people.Sports injuries do differ to everyday injuries. Athletes normally require high level performance and demand placed upon their body, which stresses their muscles, joints and bones to the limit. Sports physiotherapists help athletes recover from sporting injuries, and provide education and resources to prevent problems.Each sports physiotherapist usually has sport-specific knowledge that addresses acute, chronic and overuse injuries. Their services are generally available to sports men and women of all ages engaged in sports at any level of competition
Orthopedic physical therapy includes treatment of the musculoskeletal system (which is made up of the muscles and bones of the body) that has been subject to injury or trauma. This includes sprains, strains, post fracture, post surgery and repetitive injuries. The areas of the body include the neck and back as well the extremities.Orthopedics is a branch of medicine focused on the muscular and skeletal systems. Various types of disorders and injuries affecting our muscles, bones, and joints while discovering the important role physical therapy plays in managing orthopedic conditions.The musculoskeletal system is composed of bone, cartilage, ligaments, muscle, tendons, synovium, bursae and fascia. This system is derived embryologically from the mesenchyme and is composed of soft and hard connective tissues.
Ergonomics aims to understand the implications of an environment’s effects on human beings. Ergonomics experts work to ensure that the job fits the worker, rather than forcing the worker to fit the job, with the aim of preventing work-related injuries and unhealthy work practices. Failure to correct ergonomic issues can lead to compensation claims, disability costs, and lost workdays
While there are many issues facing ergonomics experts, some are more pressing than others. Periodically performing Occupational Safety and Health Association reviews of workstations and work practices can help identify existing problems, analyze the underlying issues, and generate solutions.
Geriatric Physiotherapy or Geriatric rehabilitation is the branch physiotherapy that deals with managing physical problems in elderly people.It mainly focuses on people in the process of ageing. Geriatric physiotherapy helps aged people or elderly improve physical balance and strength, build confidence and keep them active.As we age, our body undergoes multiple degenerative changes leading to loss of strength in muscle tone which restricts mobility and flexibility. We experience changes in social and emotional functioning with an increase in age, affecting our quality of life and general well-being.Geriatric care is important as it involves a sequence of preventive and intervening measures to provide the care and support essential to improve and manage functional independence and the quality of life.