Revive Rehab Physiotherapy

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body. An object penetrating the brain tissue can also cause TBI. Mild TBI may temporarily affect brain cells, while more serious injuries can lead to bruising, torn tissues, bleeding, and other physical damage, resulting in long-term complications.

Physiotherapy for TBI Patients

Physiotherapy for TBI involves low-load prolonged stretches to prevent contractures. Key areas for stretching include hip, knee, and elbow flexors, hip and shoulder adductors, forearm pronators, and thumb webspace. Standing on a tilt table for up to an hour daily helps in weight-bearing. Active and assisted movements within a pain-free range, along with upper extremity strength exercises, aid in improving balance, equilibrium, and coordination.

Prevention from Brain Injury

Preventing brain injuries is crucial. Follow these tips to reduce the risk:

Seat Belts and Airbags

Always wear a seat belt while driving.

Alcohol and Drug Use

Do not drive under the influence of alcohol or drugs, including prescription drugs that may impair driving ability.

Wear Helmets

Wear a helmet while riding bikes, skateboards, motorcycles, snowmobiles, or all-terrain vehicles. Use proper head protection when playing baseball, contact sports, skiing, skating, snowboarding, or horse riding.

Preventing Head Injuries in Children

Protect children from head injuries with these tips:

Install Safety Gates

Place safety gates at the top of stairways.

Window Guards

Install window guards to prevent falls.

Nonslip Mats

Use nonslip mats in bathtubs or showers.

By following these prevention tips and understanding the importance of specialized physiotherapy, you can help mitigate the effects and risks associated with traumatic brain injuries.

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